March 7th, 2019 by D. T. Grimes

Updated Nov 29th, 2020

Over the years, I’ve had the pleasure of writing with holders from many different penmakers. I’ve written with the holders that belonged to hundreds of students in workshops or class environments. I’ve even made several dozen myself. The one thing that I can say for certain is this:

The only good holder is one that is well adjusted for writing.

Masgrimes Oblique Pen

From a construction standpoint, the oblique pen holder is a straightforward design. There’s a body with a slit cut into the side where a small piece of metal called a “flange” is inserted. This flange migrates the replaceable writing tip (the pen or “nib”) askew from the long axis of the body so that it can be better aligned to the paper and direction of strokes in slanted calligraphic scripts.

These three simple elements can work together in harmony or coalesce into mess that not even the most skilled writer could convince to make a line. The relationship of the body, flange, and pen is a delicate one, but that does not mean that it is complicated.

Why use the oblique pen holder?

The oblique flange may have been invented to preserve pen points by allowing for the even wear of both tines for slanted writing[1], but the actual advantages of this type of writing instrument are far-reaching in the American styles of penmanship. By migrating the pen outside of the staff, penmakers are able to control three customizable adjustments which can be made to suit a penman’s unique anatomy, writing posture, and aesthetic preferences for script.

These three adjustments are known as the yaw, pitch, and roll similar to the three principal axes of rotation in an airplane.

oblique pen adjustments, yaw, skew, roll

Many holders come straight out of the box with some general universal adjustments. These are often decisions that the maker has made during the process of forming the holder, and about 50% of the time they tend to be close enough that most people just write with a holder however it’s set up. The upside of buying a holder from a reputable maker is that they likely have their holder set up using some of these universal best-practices. The downside is that many people are a bit intimidated by the idea of tweaking the metal on their holder because they see the maker’s decisions as infallible.

Customize your oblique pen holder by building a flange of your own.

To have total control over your oblique holder, you’ll need to first have a body that does not affix the flange inside of the slit with any kind of glue, pin, or permanent wedge. Many makers elect to set up holders and fix the flanges in place prior to delivery to the customer because most penmen aren’t likely to take the time to learn to adjust their holder like you are now. Unfortunately, if your flange is fixed, following along with any of the tweaking techniques outlined below are likely to cause damage to the body of your pen. (tweak at your own risk!)

Giving up that kind of control would never be an acceptable trade-off for me, and thus I present the following information in the hopes that it will assist you in taking control of your oblique holder and getting it tuned to your hand by making a flange of your very own.

Make a flange for an oblique pen - Masgrimes

Tools & Materials

This guide assumes you have a holder that is already slit and drilled in some way. The following information won’t work for every holder out there, but with a bit of common sense, I’m sure you can make it work.

You’ll need the following supplies in your flange-making toolbox:

  1. .010 Sheet Brass
  2. Brass Shears
  3. 400 grit sandpaper
  4. 3mm/5mm Bail Making Pliers
  5. Yoke Pen Co Duckbill Pliers

The process

Don’t be intimidated by these tools and materials if you haven’t used them before. It might take you a few times to get one just right, but brass is cheap. Just accept you have a couple practice flanges to make first.

  1. Begin by using a straight edge to mark a line and our brass shears to cut our .01 sheet brass into 10-12mm x 11cm strips.
  2. Using our 400 grit sandpaper, we can remove the burr from any side of the brass that was made rough during our cutting operation.
  3. The strip of metal is folded in half with the fingers and pinched at the end so that the bend remains somewhat round.
  4. The rounded bend is grabbed between the jaws of the 3/5mm Bailing Pliers and using the forefinger and thumb of the hand not holding the pliers we wrap the longer length of the brass around the 3mm (smaller) jaw.
  5. The flange is opened slightly (with the fingers) and a sacrificial nib (one you don’t mind distorting in the forming process) is inserted into the rounded slit where it would appear to sit in a finished flange.
  6. The flange is grabbed 1-2mm back from the edge of the nib with the duckbill pliers and is bent (with the fingers of the hand not holding the pliers) towards the top of the arc, creating the traditional flange shape. Picture this shape as being similar to a question mark without the dot.
  7. The long lengths (wings) of the flange are cut off at a desired length and angle so that they most suitably match the slit and retaining channel in the pen body which the flange is being made for.
  8. The very ends of the wings (wingtips) are bent outwards so that they can apply retaining pressure on the inside of the retaining channel.

Watch the video

For those of you who are visual learners, I’ve put together a quick video to explain the various steps of creating and installing your first flange. Give it a watch:

In the next addition to this essay, we will discuss the various steps for evaluating and adjusting your new pen flange along three different axis. If you have any questions, feel free to shoot me an email and I’ll be happy to share additional ideas and information.


  1. Patents for Inventions. Abridgments of Specifications. Vol. 95. London, 1869.

Sign up to get monthly emails about handwriting, calligraphy, and American Penmanship.